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use warnings;
use strict;

package Ravada::VM;
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=head1 NAME

Ravada::VM - Virtual Managers library for Ravada

=cut
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use Carp qw( carp croak cluck);
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use Data::Dumper;
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use File::Path qw(make_path);
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use Hash::Util qw(lock_hash);
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use IPC::Run3 qw(run3);
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use JSON::XS;
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use Socket qw( inet_aton inet_ntoa );
use Moose::Role;
use Net::DNS;
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use Net::Ping;
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use Net::SSH2 qw(LIBSSH2_FLAG_SIGPIPE);
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use IO::Socket;
use IO::Interface;
use Net::Domain qw(hostfqdn);

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use Ravada::Utils;

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no warnings "experimental::signatures";
use feature qw(signatures);

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requires 'connect';

# global DB Connection

our $CONNECTOR = \$Ravada::CONNECTOR;
our $CONFIG = \$Ravada::CONFIG;

our $MIN_MEMORY_MB = 128 * 1024;

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our $SSH_TIMEOUT = 20 * 1000;
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our $CACHE_TIMEOUT = 60;
our $FIELD_TIMEOUT = '_data_timeout';
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our %VM; # cache Virtual Manager Connection
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our %SSH;
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our $ARP = `which arp`;
chomp $ARP;

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# domain
requires 'create_domain';
requires 'search_domain';

requires 'list_domains';

# storage volume
requires 'create_volume';
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requires 'list_storage_pools';
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requires 'connect';
requires 'disconnect';
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requires 'import_domain';
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requires 'is_alive';
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requires 'free_memory';
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requires 'free_disk';
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requires '_fetch_dir_cert';

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############################################################

has 'host' => (
          isa => 'Str'
         , is => 'ro',
    , default => 'localhost'
);

has 'default_dir_img' => (
      isa => 'String'
     , is => 'ro'
);

has 'readonly' => (
    isa => 'Str'
    , is => 'ro'
    ,default => 0
);
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has 'tls_host_subject' => (
    isa => 'Str'
    , is => 'ro'
    , builder => '_fetch_tls_host_subject'
    , lazy => 1
);

has 'tls_ca' => (
    isa => 'Str'
    , is => 'ro'
    , builder => '_fetch_tls_ca'
    , lazy => 1
);

has dir_cert => (
    isa => 'Str'
    ,is => 'ro'
    ,lazy => 1
    ,builder => '_fetch_dir_cert'
);

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has 'store' => (
    isa => 'Bool'
    , is => 'rw'
    , default => 1
);
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############################################################
#
# Method Modifiers definition
# 
#
around 'create_domain' => \&_around_create_domain;

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before 'search_domain' => \&_pre_search_domain;
before 'list_domains' => \&_pre_list_domains;
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before 'create_volume' => \&_connect;

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around 'import_domain' => \&_around_import_domain;
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around 'ping' => \&_around_ping;
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around 'connect' => \&_around_connect;
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#############################################################
#
# method modifiers
#
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sub _init_connector {
    return if $CONNECTOR && $$CONNECTOR;
    $CONNECTOR = \$Ravada::CONNECTOR if $Ravada::CONNECTOR;
    $CONNECTOR = \$Ravada::Front::CONNECTOR if !defined $$CONNECTOR
                                                && defined $Ravada::Front::CONNECTOR;
}

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=head1 Constructors

=head2 open

Opens a Virtual Machine Manager (VM)

Arguments: id of the VM

=cut

sub open {
    my $proto = shift;
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    my %args;
    if (!scalar @_ % 2) {
        %args = @_;
        confess "ERROR: Don't set the id and the type "
            if $args{id} && $args{type};
        return _open_type($proto,@_) if $args{type};
    } else {
        $args{id} = shift;
    }
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    my $class=ref($proto) || $proto;

    my $self = {};
    bless($self, $class);
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    my $row = $self->_do_select_vm_db( id => $args{id});
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    lock_hash(%$row);
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    confess "ERROR: I can't find VM id=$args{id}" if !$row || !keys %$row;
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    if ( $VM{$args{id}} && $VM{$args{id}}->name eq $row->{name} ) {
        my $vm = $VM{$args{id}};
        return _clean($vm);
    }
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    my $type = $row->{vm_type};
    $type = 'KVM'   if $type eq 'qemu';
    $class .= "::$type";
    bless ($self,$class);

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    $args{host} = $row->{hostname};
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    $args{security} = decode_json($row->{security}) if $row->{security};
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    my $vm = $self->new(%args);
    $VM{$args{id}} = $vm;
    return $vm;
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}

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sub _clean_cache {
    %VM = ();
}

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sub BUILD {
    my $self = shift;
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    my $args = $_[0];

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    my $id = delete $args->{id};
    my $host = delete $args->{host};
    my $name = delete $args->{name};
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    my $store = delete $args->{store};
    $store = 1 if !defined $store;
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    my $public_ip = delete $args->{public_ip};
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    delete $args->{readonly};
    delete $args->{security};

    # TODO check if this is needed
    delete $args->{connector};

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    lock_hash(%$args);

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    confess "ERROR: Unknown args ".join (",", keys (%$args)) if keys %$args;
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    return if !$store;
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    if ($id) {
        $self->_select_vm_db(id => $id)
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    } else {
        my %query = (
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            hostname => ($host or 'localhost')
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            ,vm_type => $self->type
        );
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        $query{name} = $name  if $name;
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        $query{public_ip} = $public_ip if defined $public_ip;
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        $self->_select_vm_db(%query);
    }
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    $self->id;
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}

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sub _open_type {
    my $self = shift;
    my %args = @_;

    my $type = delete $args{type} or confess "ERROR: Missing VM type";
    my $class = "Ravada::VM::$type";

    my $proto = {};
    bless $proto,$class;

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    my $vm = $proto->new(%args);
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    eval { $vm->vm };
    warn $@ if $@;

    return $vm;
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}

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sub _check_readonly {
    my $self = shift;
    confess "ERROR: You can't create domains in read-only mode "
        if $self->readonly 

}

sub _connect {
    my $self = shift;
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    my $result = $self->connect();
    if ($result) {
        $self->is_active(1);
    } else {
        $self->is_active(0);
    }
    return $result;
}

sub _around_connect($orig, $self) {
    my $result = $self->$orig();
    if ($result) {
        $self->is_active(1);
    } else {
        $self->is_active(0);
    }
    return $result;
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}

sub _pre_create_domain {
    _check_create_domain(@_);
    _connect(@_);
}

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sub _pre_search_domain($self,@) {
    $self->_connect();
    die "ERROR: VM ".$self->name." unavailable" if !$self->ping();
}

sub _pre_list_domains($self,@) {
    $self->_connect();
    die "ERROR: VM ".$self->name." unavailable" if !$self->ping();
}

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sub _connect_ssh($self, $disconnect=0) {
    confess "Don't connect to local ssh"
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        if $self->is_local;

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    if ( $self->readonly ) {
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        warn $self->name." readonly, don't do ssh";
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        return;
    }
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    return if !$self->ping();

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    my @pwd = getpwuid($>);
    my $home = $pwd[7];

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    my $ssh= $self->{_ssh};
    $ssh = $SSH{$self->host}    if exists $SSH{$self->host};

    if (! $ssh || $disconnect ) {
        $ssh->disconnect if $ssh && $disconnect;
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        $ssh = Net::SSH2->new( timeout => $SSH_TIMEOUT );
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        my $connect;
        for ( 1 .. 3 ) {
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            eval { $connect = $ssh->connect($self->host) };
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            last if $connect;
            warn "RETRYING ssh ".$self->host." ".join(" ",$ssh->error);
            sleep 1;
        }
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        if ( !$connect) {
            eval { $connect = $ssh->connect($self->host) };
            if (!$connect) {
                $self->_cached_active(0);
                confess $ssh->error();
            }
        }
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        $ssh->auth_publickey( 'root'
            , "$home/.ssh/id_rsa.pub"
            , "$home/.ssh/id_rsa"
        ) or $ssh->die_with_error();
        $self->{_ssh} = $ssh;
        $SSH{$self->host} = $ssh;
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    }
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    return $ssh;
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}

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sub _ssh_channel($self) {
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    my $ssh = $self->_connect_ssh() or confess "ERROR: I can't connect to SSH in ".$self->host;
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    my $ssh_channel;
    for ( 1 .. 5 ) {
        $ssh_channel = $ssh->channel();
        last if $ssh_channel;
        sleep 1;
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    }
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    if (!$ssh_channel) {
        $ssh = $self->_connect_ssh(1);
        $ssh_channel = $ssh->channel();
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    }
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    die $ssh->die_with_error    if !$ssh_channel;
    $ssh->blocking(1);
    return $ssh_channel;
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}

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sub _around_create_domain {
    my $orig = shift;
    my $self = shift;
    my %args = @_;
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    my $remote_ip = delete $args{remote_ip};
    my %args_create = %args;
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    my $id_owner = delete $args{id_owner} or confess "ERROR: Missing id_owner";
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    my $owner = Ravada::Auth::SQL->search_by_id($id_owner) or confess "Unknown user id: $id_owner";
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    my $base;
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    my $volatile = delete $args{volatile};
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    my $id_base = delete $args{id_base};
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     my $id_iso = delete $args{id_iso};
     my $active = delete $args{active};
       my $name = delete $args{name};
       my $swap = delete $args{swap};

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     # args get deleted but kept on %args_create so when we call $self->$orig below are passed
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     delete $args{disk};
     delete $args{memory};
     delete $args{request};
     delete $args{iso_file};
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     delete $args{id_template};
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     delete @args{'description','remove_cpu','vm','start'};
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    confess "ERROR: Unknown args ".Dumper(\%args) if keys %args;

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    $self->_check_duplicate_name($name);
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    if ($id_base) {
        $base = $self->search_domain_by_id($id_base)
            or confess "Error: I can't find domain $id_base on ".$self->name;
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        $volatile = 1 if $base->volatile_clones;
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    }
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    confess "ERROR: User ".$owner->name." is not allowed to create machines"
        unless $owner->is_admin
            || $owner->can_create_machine()
            || ($base && $owner->can_clone);

    confess "ERROR: Base ".$base->name." is private"
        if !$owner->is_admin && $base && !$base->is_public();
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    $args_create{listen_ip} = $self->listen_ip($remote_ip);
    $args_create{spice_password} = $self->_define_spice_password($remote_ip);
    $self->_pre_create_domain(%args_create);
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    my $domain = $self->$orig(%args_create, volatile => $volatile);
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    $domain->add_volume_swap( size => $swap )   if $swap;
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    if ($id_base) {
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        $domain->run_timeout($base->run_timeout)
            if defined $base->run_timeout();
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        for my $port ( $base->list_ports ) {
            my %port = %$port;
            delete @port{'id','id_domain','public_port'};
            $domain->expose(%port);
        }
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    }
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    my $user = Ravada::Auth::SQL->search_by_id($id_owner);
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    $domain->is_volatile(1)     if $user->is_temporary() ||($base && $base->volatile_clones());
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    my @start_args = ( user => $owner );
    push @start_args, (remote_ip => $remote_ip) if $remote_ip;

    $domain->_post_start(@start_args) if $domain->is_active;
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    eval {
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           $domain->start(@start_args)      if $active || ($domain->is_volatile && ! $domain->is_active);
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    };
    die $@ if $@ && $@ !~ /code: 55,/;
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    $domain->info($owner);
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    $domain->display($owner)    if $domain->is_active;
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    return $domain;
}

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sub _define_spice_password($self, $remote_ip) {
    my $spice_password = Ravada::Utils::random_name(4);
    if ($remote_ip) {
        my $network = Ravada::Network->new(address => $remote_ip);
        $spice_password = undef if !$network->requires_password;
    }
    return $spice_password;
}

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sub _check_duplicate_name($self, $name) {
    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare("SELECT id,name,vm FROM domains where name=?");
    $sth->execute($name);
    my $row = $sth->fetchrow_hashref;
    confess "Error: machine with name '$name' already exists ".Dumper($row)
        if $row->{id};
    return 1;
}

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sub _around_import_domain {
    my $orig = shift;
    my $self = shift;
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    my ($name, $user, $spinoff) = @_;
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    my $domain = $self->$orig($name, $user);
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    $domain->_insert_db(name => $name, id_owner => $user->id);

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    if ($spinoff) {
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        warn "Spinning volumes off their backing files ...\n"
            if $ENV{TERM} && $0 !~ /\.t$/;
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        $domain->spinoff_volumes();
    }
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    return $domain;
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}

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############################################################
#
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sub _domain_remove_db {
    my $self = shift;
    my $name = shift;
    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare("DELETE FROM domains WHERE name=?");
    $sth->execute($name);
    $sth->finish;
}

=head2 domain_remove

Remove the domain. Returns nothing.

=cut


sub domain_remove {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->domain_remove_vm();
    $self->_domain_remove_bd();
}

=head2 name

Returns the name of this Virtual Machine Manager

    my $name = $vm->name();

=cut

sub name {
    my $self = shift;

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    return $self->_data('name') if defined $self->{_data}->{name};
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    my ($ref) = ref($self) =~ /.*::(.*)/;
    return ($ref or ref($self))."_".$self->host;
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}

=head2 search_domain_by_id

Returns a domain searching by its id

    $domain = $vm->search_domain_by_id($id);

=cut

sub search_domain_by_id {
    my $self = shift;
      my $id = shift;

    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare("SELECT name FROM domains "
        ." WHERE id=?");
    $sth->execute($id);
    my ($name) = $sth->fetchrow;
    return if !$name;

    return $self->search_domain($name);
}

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sub _domain_in_db($self, $name) {

    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare("SELECT id FROM domains WHERE name=?");
    $sth->execute($name);
    my ($id) =$sth->fetchrow;
    return $id;
}

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=head2 ip

Returns the external IP this for this VM

=cut

sub ip {
    my $self = shift;

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    my $name = ($self->public_ip or $self->host())
        or confess "this vm has no host name";
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    my $ip = inet_ntoa(inet_aton($name)) ;

    return $ip if $ip && $ip !~ /^127\./;

    $name = Ravada::display_ip();

    if ($name) {
        if ($name =~ /^\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+$/) {
            $ip = $name;
        } else {
            $ip = inet_ntoa(inet_aton($name));
        }
    }
    return $ip if $ip && $ip !~ /^127\./;

    $ip = $self->_interface_ip();
    return $ip if $ip && $ip !~ /^127/ && $ip =~ /^\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+$/;

    warn "WARNING: I can't find the IP of host ".$self->host.", using localhost."
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        ." This virtual machine won't be available from the network." if $0 !~ /\.t$/;
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    return '127.0.0.1';
}

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=head2 nat_ip

Returns the IP of the VM when it is in a NAT environment

=cut

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sub nat_ip($self) {
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    return Ravada::nat_ip();
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}

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sub _interface_ip($self, $remote_ip=undef) {
    return '127.0.0.1' if $remote_ip && $remote_ip =~ /^127\./;
    my ($out, $err) = $self->run_command("/sbin/ip","route");
    my %route;
    my ($default_gw , $default_ip);
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    my $remote_ip_addr = NetAddr::IP->new($remote_ip);

    for my $line ( split( /\n/, $out ) ) {
        if ( $line =~ m{^default via ([\d\.]+)} ) {
            $default_gw = NetAddr::IP->new($1);
        }
        if ( $line =~ m{^([\d\.\/]+).*src ([\d\.\/]+)} ) {
            my ($network, $ip) = ($1, $2);
            $route{$network} = $ip;

            my $netaddr = NetAddr::IP->new($network);
            return $ip if $remote_ip_addr->within($netaddr);

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            $default_ip = $ip if !defined $default_ip && $ip !~ /^127\./;
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            $default_ip = $ip if defined $default_gw && $default_gw->within($netaddr);
        }
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    }
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    return $default_ip;
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}

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sub listen_ip($self, $remote_ip=undef) {
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    return Ravada::display_ip() if Ravada::display_ip();
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    return $self->public_ip     if $self->public_ip;
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    return $self->_interface_ip($remote_ip) if $remote_ip;

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    return (
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            $self->ip()
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    );
}

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sub _check_memory {
    my $self = shift;
    my %args = @_;
    return if !exists $args{memory};

    die "ERROR: Low memory '$args{memory}' required ".int($MIN_MEMORY_MB/1024)." MB " if $args{memory} < $MIN_MEMORY_MB;
}

sub _check_disk {
    my $self = shift;
    my %args = @_;
    return if !exists $args{disk};

    die "ERROR: Low Disk '$args{disk}' required 1 Gb " if $args{disk} < 1024*1024;
}


sub _check_create_domain {
    my $self = shift;

    my %args = @_;

    $self->_check_readonly(@_);

    $self->_check_require_base(@_);
    $self->_check_memory(@_);
    $self->_check_disk(@_);

}

sub _check_require_base {
    my $self = shift;

    my %args = @_;
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    my $id_base = delete $args{id_base} or return;
    my $request = delete $args{request};
    my $id_owner = delete $args{id_owner}
        or confess "ERROR: id_owner required ";

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    delete $args{start};
    delete $args{remote_ip};

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    delete @args{'_vm','name','vm', 'memory','description','id_iso','listen_ip','spice_password'};
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    confess "ERROR: Unknown arguments ".join(",",keys %args)
        if keys %args;

    my $base = Ravada::Domain->open($id_base);
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    my %ignore_requests = map { $_ => 1 } qw(clone refresh_machine set_base_vm start_clones);
    my @requests;
    for my $req ( $base->list_requests ) {
        push @requests,($req) if !$ignore_requests{$req->command};
    }
    if (@requests) {
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        confess "ERROR: Domain ".$base->name." has ".$base->list_requests
                            ." requests.\n"
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                            .Dumper([$base->list_requests])
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            unless scalar @requests == 1 && $request
                && $requests[0]->id eq $request->id;
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    }

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    die "ERROR: Domain ".$self->name." is not base"
            if !$base->is_base();

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    my $user = Ravada::Auth::SQL->search_by_id($id_owner);

    die "ERROR: Base ".$base->name." is not public\n"
        unless $user->is_admin || $base->is_public;
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}

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=head2 id

Returns the id value of the domain. This id is used in the database
tables and is not related to the virtual machine engine.

=cut

sub id {
    return $_[0]->_data('id');
}

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sub _data($self, $field, $value=undef) {
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    if (defined $value && $self->store ) {
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        $self->{_data}->{$field} = $value;
        my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
            "UPDATE vms set $field=?"
            ." WHERE id=?"
        );
        $sth->execute($value, $self->id);
        $sth->finish;
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        return $value;
    }
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#    _init_connector();

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    $self->_timed_data_cache()  if $self->{_data}->{$field} && $field ne 'name';
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    return $self->{_data}->{$field} if exists $self->{_data}->{$field};
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    return if !$self->store();

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    $self->{_data} = $self->_select_vm_db( name => $self->name);

    confess "No DB info for VM ".$self->name    if !$self->{_data};
    confess "No field $field in vms"            if !exists$self->{_data}->{$field};

    return $self->{_data}->{$field};
}

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sub _timed_data_cache($self) {
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    return if !$self->{$FIELD_TIMEOUT} || time - $self->{$FIELD_TIMEOUT} < $CACHE_TIMEOUT;
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    return _clean($self);
}

sub _clean($self) {
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    my $name = $self->{_data}->{name};
    my $id = $self->{_data}->{id};
    delete $self->{_data};
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    delete $self->{$FIELD_TIMEOUT};
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    $self->{_data}->{name} = $name  if $name;
    $self->{_data}->{id} = $id      if $id;
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    return $self;
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}

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sub _do_select_vm_db {
    my $self = shift;
    my %args = @_;

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    _init_connector();

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    if (!keys %args) {
        my $id;
        eval { $id = $self->id  };
        if ($id) {
            %args =( id => $id );
        }
    }

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    confess Dumper(\%args) if !keys %args;
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    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
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        "SELECT * FROM vms WHERE ".join(" AND ",map { "$_=?" } sort keys %args )
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    );
    $sth->execute(map { $args{$_} } sort keys %args);
    my $row = $sth->fetchrow_hashref;
    $sth->finish;
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    return if !$row;

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    return $row;
}

sub _select_vm_db {
    my $self = shift;

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    my ($row) = ($self->_do_select_vm_db(@_) or $self->_insert_vm_db(@_));
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    $self->{_data} = $row;
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    $self->{$FIELD_TIMEOUT} = time if $row->{id};
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    return $row if $row->{id};
}

sub _insert_vm_db {
    my $self = shift;
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    return if !$self->store();

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    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
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        "INSERT INTO vms (name, vm_type, hostname, public_ip)"
        ." VALUES(?, ?, ?, ?)"
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    );
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    my %args = @_;
    my $name = ( delete $args{name} or $self->name);
    my $host = ( delete $args{hostname} or $self->host );
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    my $public_ip = ( delete $args{public_ip} or '' );
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    delete $args{vm_type};
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    confess "Unknown args ".Dumper(\%args)  if keys %args;

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    eval { $sth->execute($name,$self->type,$host, $public_ip) };
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    confess $@ if $@;
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    $sth->finish;

    return $self->_do_select_vm_db( name => $name);
}

=head2 default_storage_pool_name

Set the default storage pool name for this Virtual Machine Manager

    $vm->default_storage_pool_name('default');

=cut

sub default_storage_pool_name {
    my $self = shift;
    my $value = shift;

    #TODO check pool exists
    if (defined $value) {
        my $id = $self->id();
        my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
            "UPDATE vms SET default_storage=?"
            ." WHERE id=?"
        );
        $sth->execute($value,$id);
        $self->{_data}->{default_storage} = $value;
    }
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    $self->_select_vm_db() if $self->store();
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    return $self->_data('default_storage');
}

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=head2 base_storage_pool

Set the storage pool for bases in this Virtual Machine Manager

    $vm->base_storage_pool('pool2');

=cut

sub base_storage_pool {
    my $self = shift;
    my $value = shift;

    #TODO check pool exists
    if (defined $value) {
        my $id = $self->id();
        my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
            "UPDATE vms SET base_storage=?"
            ." WHERE id=?"
        );
        $sth->execute($value,$id);
        $self->{_data}->{base_storage} = $value;
    }
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    $self->_select_vm_db();
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    return $self->_data('base_storage');
}

=head2 clone_storage_pool

Set the storage pool for clones in this Virtual Machine Manager

    $vm->clone_storage_pool('pool3');

=cut

sub clone_storage_pool {
    my $self = shift;
    my $value = shift;

    #TODO check pool exists
    if (defined $value) {
        my $id = $self->id();
        my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
            "UPDATE vms SET clone_storage=?"
            ." WHERE id=?"
        );
        $sth->execute($value,$id);
        $self->{_data}->{clone_storage} = $value;
    }
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    $self->_select_vm_db();
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    return $self->_data('clone_storage');
}

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=head2 min_free_memory

Returns the minimun free memory necessary to start a new virtual machine

=cut

sub min_free_memory {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->_data('min_free_memory');
}

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=head2 max_load 

Returns the maximum cpu load that the host can handle.

=cut

sub max_load {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->_data('max_load');
}

=head2 active_limit

Returns the value of 'active_limit' in the BBDD

=cut

sub active_limit {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->_data('active_limit');
}
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=head2 list_drivers

Lists the drivers available for this Virtual Machine Manager

Arguments: Optional driver type

Returns a list of strings with the nams of the drivers.

    my @drivers = $vm->list_drivers();
    my @drivers = $vm->list_drivers('image');

=cut

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sub list_drivers($self, $name=undef) {
    return Ravada::Domain::drivers(undef,$name,$self->type);
}
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=head2 is_local

Returns wether this virtual manager is in the local host

=cut

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sub is_local($self) {
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        || $self->host eq '127.0.0,1'
        || !$self->host;
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    return 0;
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}

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=head2 list_nodes

Returns a list of virtual machine manager nodes of the same type as this.

    my @nodes = $self->list_nodes();

=cut

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sub list_nodes($self) {
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    return @{$self->{_nodes}} if $self->{_nodes};

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    my $sth = $$CONNECTOR->dbh->prepare(
        "SELECT id FROM vms WHERE vm_type=?"
    );
    my @nodes;
    $sth->execute($self->type);

    while (my ($id) = $sth->fetchrow) {
        push @nodes,(Ravada::VM->open($id))
    }

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    $self->{_nodes} = \@nodes;
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    return @nodes;
}
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=head2 ping

Returns if the virtual manager connection is available

=cut

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sub ping($self, $option=undef) {
    confess "ERROR: option unknown" if defined $option && $option ne 'debug';
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    return 1 if $self->is_local();
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    my $debug = 0;
    $debug = 1 if defined $option && $option eq 'debug';

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    return $self->_do_ping($self->host, $debug);
}

sub _do_ping($self, $host, $debug=0) {
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    my $p = Net::Ping->new('tcp',2);
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    my $ping_ok;
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    eval { $ping_ok = $p->ping($host) };
    confess $@ if $@;
    warn "$@ pinging host $host" if $@;

    $self->_store_mac_address() if $ping_ok && $self;
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    return 1 if $ping_ok;
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    $p->close();

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